This tutorial was updated in March 2022 and is based on Runtime Fabric v1.10 release.
In this tutorial, we’ll walk you through deploying a hello world Mule app to an Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) cluster using Runtime Fabric. You’ll learn how to:
kubectlto create an ingress controller
To get started as simply and quickly as possible, this tutorial includes steps to create an EKS cluster, nodes and a Runtime Fabric instance with default settings. Before creating a cluster, nodes and a Runtime Fabric instance for production use, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with all settings and deploy settings that meet your requirements. For more information, see Creating an Amazon EKS cluster and Amazon EKS nodes. For detailed Runtime Fabric documentation see Anypoint Runtime Fabric Overview.
Anypoint Platform- We’ll need an Anypoint Platform account to create our Runtime Fabric service. You can sign up for a free trial account here - However, you will need an enterprise account to have access to Runtime Fabric from Runtime Manager.
curl- A command line tool for transferring data using various network protocols. See installing curl.
AWS CLI- A command line tool for working with AWS services, including Amazon EKS. This tutorial requires that you use version 2.2.37 or later or 1.20.40 or later. See installing the AWS CLI.
AWS Configuration Setup- In order for the AWS CLI tool to connect with your account, you need to run the
aws configurecommand. For detailed instructions to set this up, see AWS CLI - Quick setup.
kubectl- A command line tool for working with Kubernetes clusters. This tutorial requires that you use version 1.21 or later. For more information, see installing kubectl.
eksctl- A command line tool for working with EKS clusters that automates many individual tasks. This guide requires that you use version 0.67.0 or later. See installing eksctl.
rtfctl- A command line tool to locally manage Runtime Fabrics. This tutorial requires that you use version 0.3.135 or later. See installing rtfctl.
In order to successfully deploy Mule applications to Runtime Fabric you also need:
To create your cluster with Amazon EC2 Linux managed nodes
1 - Replace
myKeyPair with the name of an existing key pair. If you don’t have one use the following AWS CLI command.
1 aws ec2 create-key-pair --region ap-southeast-2 --key-name myKeyPair
2 - Create your cluster and nodes with the following command. Replace example values with your own.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 eksctl create cluster \ --name my-mule-eks \ --version 1.20 \ --region ap-southeast-2 \ --with-oidc \ --ssh-access \ --ssh-public-key myKeyPair
This creates a cluster using primarily default settings. To see all resources created, view the stack named
eksctl-my-mule-eks-cluster in the AWS CloudFormation console.
You’ll see several lines of output as the cluster and nodes are created. Cluster and node creation takes several minutes. The first lines and last lines of output are similar to the following example line.
1 2 3 [ℹ] eksctl version 0.67.0 ... [✔] EKS cluster "my-mule-eks" in "ap-southeast-2" region is ready
1 - To view your newly configured cluster nodes you can use the following command
1 kubectl get nodes -o wide
Amazon EC2 node output
1 2 3 NAME STATUS ROLES AGE VERSION INTERNAL-IP EXTERNAL-IP OS-IMAGE KERNEL-VERSION CONTAINER-RUNTIME ip-192-168-19-135.ap-southeast-2.compute.internal Ready <none> 10m v1.20.7-eks-135321 192.168.19.135 18.104.22.168 Amazon Linux 2 5.4.141-67.229.amzn2.x86_64 docker://19.3.13 ip-192-168-62-246.ap-southeast-2.compute.internal Ready <none> 10m v1.20.7-eks-135321 192.168.62.246 22.214.171.124 Amazon Linux 2 5.4.141-67.229.amzn2.x86_64 docker://19.3.13
1 - Navigate to Anypoint Platform and log in.
2 - From the home page navigate to Runtime Manager.
3 - Clicking Runtime Fabrics then Create Runtime Fabric.
4 - Create a deployment target for Mule apps you want to deploy. In this case we’re using the name rtf-demo. Select Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service and click Next.
5 - Review the Support responsibility disclaimer, then if you agree click Accept.
6 - This page displays the activation data used to install Runtime Fabric on a Kubernetes service. Copy the activation code to your clipboard for use later on in this tutorial.
1 - Validate MuleSoft setup by running the following command. You will need to replace
1 ./rtfctl validate <activation-code>
The validate option verifies that:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Clearing validate operation resources. Waiting for rtf-validate namespace to be removed... Checking Authorization .. ... All validations successful. Proceed with installation ✔ Clearing validate operation resources. Waiting for rtf-validate namespace to be removed...
2 - Continue to install Runtime Fabric. You will need to replace
1 ./rtfctl install <activation-code>
The first lines and last lines of output are similar to the following example line.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Installing Runtime Fabric components Upserting Namespace/rtf... Upserting PodSecurityPolicy/rtf-install... … 61s: Waiting for Runtime Fabric to become ready: [mule-clusterip-service] 66s: Waiting for Runtime Fabric to become ready: [mule-clusterip-service] Runtime Fabric is ready.
3 - Verify the status of the Runtime Fabric installation.
1 ./rtfctl status
The first lines and last lines of output are similar to the following example lines.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Upserting Job/rtfctl-cluster-status... Kubernetes Version: 1.20.7-eks-d88609 … Runtime Fabric Information: COMPONENTS HEALTHY REASON agent true mule-clusterip-service true resource-cache true … CERTIFICATE HEALTHY REASON client-cert true client certificate expires at 2022-03-12 02:08:39 +0000 UTC
1 - In Anypoint Platform verify that all systems are operational by checking the status and health of your Runtime Fabric. The status attribute should show as active and all systems should be operational.
2 - Associate environments to be used with the Runtime Fabric by navigating to the Associated Environments tab - clicking Sandbox and then Apply Allocations.
3 - Update Runtime Fabric with a valid MuleSoft licence key. Replace the path and licence name where necessary.
1 ./rtfctl apply mule-license <licence-key-information>
1 Updating rtf namespace… OK
For the purposes of this tutorial we will be using an NGINX controller. Other options are available.
1 - Create a NGINX ingress controller. For full complete installation instructions review the NGINX Installation Guide.
1 kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubernetes/ingress-nginx/controller-v1.1.0/deploy/static/provider/aws/deploy.yaml
1 2 3 4 5 namespace/ingress-nginx created serviceaccount/ingress-nginx created … job.batch/ingress-nginx-admission-create created job.batch/ingress-nginx-admission-patch created
Anypoint Runtime Fabric on Self-Managed Kubernetes enables you to specify custom Ingress configurations using an ingress resource template. In a template, similar to a Kubernetes ingress spec, you can specify annotations, ingress class name, and HTTP and HTTPS rules. If you do not apply an ingress resource template for an application, you can’t add ingress endpoints when you deploy it. For complete details please refer to the documentation.
We want to use path-based routing where the application name is part of the path. On NGINX, we add the configuration-snippet annotation to remove this part of the path before forwarding it on to the Mule application.
1 - Create a custom Ingress configuration by creating a file from the markdown below and name it
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1 kind: Ingress metadata: annotations: nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/configuration-snippet: | rewrite ^/app-name(/|$)(.*) /$2 break; name: rtf-ingress-template namespace: rtf spec: ingressClassName: rtf-nginx rules: - host: rtf.example.com http: paths: - path: /app-name pathType: ImplementationSpecific backend: service: name: service port: number: 80
2 - Apply the configuration to the rtf namespace using the following command. Update the path and name where appropriate.
1 kubectl apply -f path\ingress-template.yaml
1 ingress.networking.k8s.io/rtf-ingress-template created
3 - Navigate back to Anypoint Runtime Manager and verify that your ingress template has been applied by checking the Inbound Traffic tab in Runtime Fabrics.
1 - Deploy the sample Hello World application. In Anypoint Platform click Applications then Deploy Application.
2 - Enter a unique name hello-world-2921 as the Application Name, select the rtf-demo as our Deployment Target then click Import File from Exchange to select the Application File.
3 - Select Type - Example then enter
hello-world into the Search assets by name input box. Then select Hello World from the available matches and click Select.
4 - Clicking Deploy Application will deploy the
hello-world Mule application to your Runtime Fabric environment.
5 - Once the status of the deployed application changes to Running you can navigate to the application detail page to see the application url.
6 - Get external IP address of the nginx server.
1 kubectl get services -n ingress-nginx
Note that you may have to run the command more than once since the external IP may not be available immediately.
1 2 3 NAME TYPE CLUSTER-IP EXTERNAL-IP PORT(S) AGE ingress-nginx-controller LoadBalancer 10.100.26.212 afe242ce2f06844c49762331c9ec1201-0d4836d4105c7524.elb.ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com 80:30069/TCP,443:32190/TCP 7m4s ingress-nginx-controller-admission ClusterIP 10.100.243.12 <none>
For EKS we need to query the Domain Name System to get the corresponding IP addresses.
1 dig +short afe242ce2f06844c49762331c9ec1201-0d4836d4105c7524.elb.ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com
1 2 3 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206
7 - Call the hello-world endpoint. Using the output above to replace the ingress controller IP address. Replace
example values with your own.
To access the endpoint for the hello-world we need to resolve the domain name rtf.example.com. For this tutorial we will not create a domain address or use a local file - instead we’ll use the resolve switch to pass the hostname IP mapping on the command line pointing to the external IP address of the NGINX ingress controller above.
1 curl http://rtf.example.com/hello-world-2921/helloWorld --resolve rtf.example.com:80:<IP address of ingress controller>
1 Hello World!
The deployed application should return the string
'Hello World!' proving that the application received and processed your request.
In this tutorial, we walked you through deploying a hello world Mule app to an Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) cluster using Runtime Fabric. You learned how to:
kubectlto create an ingress controller
Click on the Next button below to continue to the next tutorial in this series that configures TLS and last-mile security.
Runtime Fabric also runs as a service on Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS), Red Hat OpenShift and Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE). Check out their tutorials below.